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2018年12月英语四级近义词配对练习(1)

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2018年12月英语四级近义词配对练习汇总

英语四级近义词配对练习(1)

找出与句子中加粗单词意义相近的词

1. When her husband was given a job overseas, she had to decide whether to accompany him or not.

(A) go with (B) argue with (C) avoid

2. In the middle of the night the sleeping campers were alarmed by a loud crash.

(A) excited (B) signaled (C) frightened

3. One of California's greatest problems is providing adequate water to meet the needs of its expanding population.

(A) sufficient (B) palatable (C) suitable

4. Although South Carolina's mineral resources are abundant, not all of them can be mined lucratively.

(A) molten (B) plentiful (C) diverse

5. While they were away on vacation, they allowed their mail to accumulate the post office.

(A) pile up (B) get lost (C) be returned

6. Lorraine Hansberry acquired a deep affection for Africa and its people from her uncle William, a professor of African history at Howard University.

(A) respect (B) longing (C) fondness

7. The accommodations of this hotel are limited to 600 persons.

(A) epoches (B) lodgings (C) fiascoes

8. Can you account for how the money got into your bag?

(A) explain (B) tally (C) survey

9. When transferred from one container to another of a different design, a liquid will maintain its volume but alter its shape.

(A) modify(B)stretch (C) confine

10. The road west gave access to the lake.

(A) ascendancy (B) approach(C)exit

答案:ACABA CBAAB

详解:

go with

相伴; 跟…相配; 跟…谈恋爱; 赶时髦

I shall advertise for someone to go with me.

我将登广告寻人和我同去。

frightened

adj.害怕的; 受惊的

v.(使)惊恐( frighten的过去式和过去分词); 吓唬

In a way, I suppose I'm frightened of failing.

我想我有点惧怕失败。

sufficient

adj.足够的; 充足的; 充分的

The money to build the power station ought to have been sufficient.

建设电站的资金本该足够了。

plentiful

adj.丰富的; 富产的; 丰饶的; 充沛

There is a plentiful supply of arms on the black market.

黑市上有大量武器出售。

pile up

堆放,堆积; 积聚; 成堆

Three people died in a multiple pile-up in freezing fog.

有三人死于冻雾引起的连环车祸中。

fondness

n.喜爱,钟爱; 溺爱

I've always had a fondness for jewels.

我一直很喜欢珠宝。

lodgings

n.寄宿; 住所; 寄宿舍; 租住的房间; 出租的房间( lodging的名词复数 ); 暂住; 寄宿; 借宿

David had changed his lodgings, leaving no address behind.

戴维换了一间租屋,没留下地址。

explain

vt.& vi.讲解,解释

vt.说明…的原因,辩解

vi.说明,解释,辩解

Her aggressiveness made it difficult for him to explain his own feelings.

她咄咄逼人的态度让他难以解释自己的感情。

modify

vi.被修饰; 修改

vt.改变; 减轻,减缓; [语]修饰,(用变音符号)改变

You'd better modify your tone.

你最好说得婉转一点.

approach

vt.& vi.接近,走近,靠近

vt.接近; 着手处理; 使移近; 试图贿赂(或影响,疏通)

n.方法; 途径; 接近

vi.靠近

We have a very communicative approach to teaching languages.

我们在语言教学中非常强调交际教学法。


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