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2020年9月19日大学英语六级考试 写作解析

Source: 恒星英语学习网    2020-09-19  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  

六级作文的考题偏抽象,3个不同考卷的主题分别是“Beauty of the soul is the essential beauty”、“What is worth doing is worth doing well”、“Wealth of the mind is the only true wealth.”。通过观察这几个主题,我们可以发现其共性是抽象概念,是价值观的讨论;既然提到了价值观,就会因人而异,这是辩论文的一个特点。其次,考题要求说write an essay on the saying,由此可以看出这属于非常典型的名言警句型辩论文。

 

从文章字数要求等方面看,本次考试继续维持了150-200字数的要求,而就名言警句型辩论文写作来说,达到该字数要求不会有太大压力。考题要求中给出了名言警句,一般情况下是主流的价值观,由此可以判断出整个辩论文的基调是阐述自己对此的认同。我们用其中的一个主题为例,使用传统模板写成下文,在没有重大错误的情况下,依然可以达到11分的档次,供大家体会模板的作用:

 

"Wealth of the mind is the only true wealth." The enlightenment of this saying is not lost in our era as eagerness to get rich and remain so while ignoring the true meaning of wealth seems rife. The implication of this message is that mental wealth is not only a type of wealth but also the only true one.

 

Some claim that the nature of wealth is money related, not mind related. They focus on tangible wealth which people pay so much attention to that they lose sight of intangible wealth. Some may argue that mental wealth is not as important as financial wealth. While this view might hold a bit of truth, wealth that can be lost is never the true wealth, and it is only wealth of the mind that can actually be kept forever. You spend it, but at the same time you still own it. Since wealth of the mind can not only be gained as wealth, but also be kept while being spent, what else can be more valuable than wealth of the mind?

 

From my perspective, it is crucial that we should regard wealth of the mind as a type of wealth. Also, it is high time that we realized they can be ours forever. Only by doing so can we achieve greater success.

 

上文首段用了常见模板The enlightenment of this saying is not lost in our era as … while … seems rife. 给出当今社会的趋势,引出话题。接着用一句话解释名言警句,The implication of this message is that … 通过模板,将题目中的名言警句嵌入到当前的时代背景之下。该模板适配性比较高,上面出现的几个主题都可以完美契合。

 

观点段用Some claim that和Some may argue that分别引出了两种观点,其中第一个观点通过句型“so … that”,说明太注重有形的财富的后果是会忽略无形的财富;第二个观点通过句型定语从句“wealth that can be lost is never the true wealth”和强调句型 “it is only wealth of the mind that …”进行比较,说明了会失去的是有形的财富,而不会失去的无形的财富才是真正的财富;最后,使用反问句型“what else can be more valuable than wealth of the mind?”来达到强化的效果,增加说服力。这段采用了多样性的句式来支持论点层层递进,向考官展示了考生观点段落的辩论能力。

 

末段用了两个建议,分别选取了should型虚拟(it is crucial that we should …)和时态倒退型虚拟(it is high time that we realized that …),加上建议原因,最后以倒装语序(Only by doing so can we …)概况总结。体现了考生对语言的驾驭能力,但本质上依然是已构造好的模板的使用。


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