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英语六级大纲新增词汇(一)

Source: 恒星英语学习网    2017-04-18  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  

1. abbreviation [ə,briːvi'eɪʃ(ə)n]
n.①略语,缩写词 ②缩写
例句:
“Dr” is the written abbreviation of “Doctor”. Dr是Doctor的缩写形式。
 
2. abide [ə'baɪd]
v.忍受,容忍
例句:
You have to abide by the referee's decision. 你必须服从裁判的决定。
 
3. abreast [ə'brest]
ad.并排,并肩
例句:
The planes were flying four abreast. 飞机分成四架一排飞行。

 
4. acclaim [ə'kleɪm]
vt.称赞 n.赞赏
例句:
His work was acclaimed by art critics.他的作品受到艺术评论家的推崇。

5. acupuncture ['ækjʊ,pʌŋktʃə]
n.针刺(疗法)
例句:
I had acupuncture in my lower back.我在后腰上做了针灸。

6. advent ['ædvent]
n.(sing.)出现,到来
例句:
Swallows come by groups at the advent of spring. 春天来临时燕子成群飞来。

7. adversary ['ædvəs(ə)ri]
n.对手,敌手 a.敌手的
例句:
He saw her as his main adversary within the company.他将她视为公司中主要的对手。

8.afloat [ə'fləʊt]
ad./a.①漂浮地(的) ②在船上地(的)
例句:
Somehow we kept the ship afloat. 我们想方设法使船没有下沉。

9. agitate ['ædʒɪteɪt]
v.鼓动vt.使焦虑,使不安
例句:
His family are agitating to get him freed. 他的家人在多方游说将他释放。

10. ail [eɪl]
v.①困扰 ②(使)得病,(使)难受
例句:
This initiative is not the answer to what ails our educational system.这一方案并不能解决我们教育体制的弊病。

11. akin [ə'kɪn]
a.(~tosth.)相似的
例句:
Something akin to panic overwhelmed him.一种类似惊恐的感觉使他不知所措。

12. align [ə'laɪn]
v.(使)排成一行vt.与……结盟
例句:
Church leaders have aligned themselves with the opposition. 教会领袖和反对派站在了一起。

13. allot [ə'lɒt]
vt.(按份额)分配,配给
例句:
Try and allot  2 or 3 hours a day to revision. 每天设法抽出两三个小时复习。

14. allude [ə'luːd]
vi.(to)暗指,影射
例句:
I didn't allude to anybody or anything.我并未影射任何人或任何事。

15. allure [əˈljʊə]
vt.引诱,诱惑
例句:
Rewards allure men to brave danger. 重赏之下,必有勇夫。

16. almighty [ɔːl'maɪti]
a.全能的,万能的
例句:
Money is not almighty. 金钱并不是万能的。

17. amass [ə'mæs]
vt.(大量地)积累,积聚
例句:
He amassed a fortune after the war.战后,他积累了大量财富。

18. amiable ['eɪmiəb(ə)l]
a.和蔼可亲的,亲切的
例句:
The driver was an amiable young man. 司机是位和蔼可亲的年轻人。

19. analog(ue) ['ænəlɒɡ]
n.[C]类似物,相似体a.①模拟的 ②(钟表)指针式的
例句:
The first generation of cell phones are analogue, commonly known as "Big Brother. " 第一代手机是模拟制式的,俗称“大哥大”。

20. anguish ['æŋgwɪʃ]
n.极度痛苦,苦恼
例句:
Mark looked at him in anguish. 马克极为痛苦地看着他。

21. annex [əˈneks]
vt.并吞(土地等),兼并
例句:
The Baltic republics were annexed by the Soviet Union in 1940. 1940年,波罗的海诸共和国被苏联吞并。

 
22. antagonism [æn'tæg(ə)nɪz(ə)m]
n.对抗,敌对
例句:
There is still much antagonism between environmental groups and the oil companies. 环境组织与石油公司之间仍有很多敌意。

23. antenna [æn'tenə]
n.①触角,触须 ②(电视的)天线
例句:
They erected a television antenna on the roof. 他们在屋顶上竖起了电视天线。

24. antonym ['æntənɪm]
n.反义词
例句:
Give the synonym and antonym of this word. 给出这个词的同义词和反义词。

25. ape [eɪp]
n.类人猿vt.模仿
例句:
Man has evolved from the ape. 人是从类人猿进化来的。

26. appal(l) [ə'pɔːl]
vt.使惊骇
例句:
The way we kill animals appals a lot of people. 我们这样屠杀动物令许多人震惊。

27. apprentice [ə'prentɪs]
vt.当学徒n.徒弟,学徒
例句:
She works in the hairdresser's as an apprentice. 她在美发店当学徒。

28. arbitrate ['ɑːbɪtreɪt]
v.仲裁,公断
例句:
A committee will arbitrate between management and unions. 将有一个委员会来仲裁资方和工会的争端。

29. ardent ['ɑːd(ə)nt]
a.①热烈的 ②热心的
例句:
Ardent expectations were held by his parents for his college career. 他父母对他的大学学习抱着殷切的期望。

 
30. aspire [ə'spaɪə]
vi.追求,渴望,有志于
例句:
He aspired to become a lawyer. 他渴望成为一名律师。

 
31. assorted [ə'sɔːtɪd]
a.各种各样的,混合的
例句:
The bowl contains assorted hard sweets. 碗里装着各种硬糖。

32. assortment [ə'sɔːtmənt]
n.各种各样
例句:
The shop has a rich assortment of goods. 这个商店有各种各样的货品。

33. astray [ə'streɪ]
ad.(go~)迷途
例句:
The letter had gone astray in the post. 这封信寄丢了。

34. asylum [ə'saɪləm]
n.①(政治)庇护,避难 ②精神病院
例句:
He has been granted asylum in France. 他在法国获得了政治庇护。

35. atrocity [ə'trɒsəti]
n.(尤指战争中的)暴行,残忍行为
例句:
Seeing such a terrible sight before his eyes, he was savaged by his enemy's atrocity. 看到眼前这恐怖的场景,他被敌方的暴行激怒了。

36. audit ['ɔːdɪt]
n.①审计 ②审查vt.①审计 ②旁听
例句:
Start with an audit of existing services within the community. 从检查社区现有的服务开始。

37. augment [ɔːg'ment]
vt.扩大,增加,提高
例句:
Any surplus was sold to augment their income. 所有多余的东西都被卖了来增加他们的收入。

38. autobiography [,ɔːtəbaɪ'ɒgrəfi]
n.自传
例句:
He published his autobiography last autumn. 他去年秋天出版了他的自传。

39. avenge [ə'vendʒ]
vt.为……报仇
例句:
He wanted to avenge his brother's death. 他要为弟弟的死复仇。

40. backyard ['bækjɑːd]
n.(住宅的)后院
例句:
The old man grew vegetables in his backyard. 老人在屋后院子里种了蔬菜。

 
41. bait [beɪt]
n.(sing.)①饵 ②引诱物vt.招惹,挑衅
例句:
We used worms as bait. 我们用小虫子作诱饵。

42. barge [bɑːdʒ]
n.[C]平底载货船,驳船vi.冲撞,乱闯
例句:
Students tried to barge into the secretariat buildings. 学生们试图闯进秘书处大楼。

43. barometer [bə'rɒmɪtə]
n.①晴雨表,气压计 ②指标,标志
例句:
The skin is an accurate barometer of emotional and physical health. 皮肤是准确的晴雨表,可以反映一个人身心的健康状况。

44. barracks ['bærəks]
n.①营房 ②简陋的大房子
例句:
The barracks was inspected daily. 营房每天都受到检查。

45. bass① [beis]
n.①低音乐器 ②男低音a.低音的
例句:
Is it in the bass or the melody? 是低音的部分还是主调的部分?

46. bass② [bæs]
n.(sing.同pl.)鲈鱼
例句:
They unloaded their catch of cod and bass. 他们卸下捕获的鳕鱼和鲈鱼。

47. beak [biːk]
n.①(猛禽等的)嘴,喙 ②鸟嘴状物
例句:
And ever since then, Raven has had a curved beak. 从那以后,所有的乌鸦都有了一张弯曲的嘴。

48. beckon ['bekn]
v.(向某人)示意,召唤
例句:
She beckoned to the waitress to bring more wine. 她示意服务员再拿些酒来。

49. benevolent [bɪ'nevələnt]
a.仁慈的,仁爱的
例句:
A benevolent uncle paid for her to have music lessons. 一位叔叔慷慨解囊,出钱供她上音乐课。

50. benign [bɪ'naɪn]
a.①(肿瘤等)良性的 ②和蔼的
例句:
He shook his head in benign amusement. 他好笑又宽厚地摇摇头。


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