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2020年9月19日六级听力考试解析

Source: 恒星英语学习网    2020-09-19  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  

本次六级听力话题较四级听力更偏学术,也更复杂,此次涉及科学教育与科学认知、梦境研究、生态研究、部落研究、激进者与社会进步、环境对人的影响以及美元历史这几个话题。男子英音,女子美音。语速适中,难度偏大,出现较多难听懂的专有名词,如,Lake Vostok(沃斯托克湖),Tarahumaras(一个美国印第安部落),Federal Reserve(美联储)以及其他高难度词汇,如state of affairs(事态),radicalism(激进主义),susceptible(易受影响的),plagued(被侵扰的),stigma(羞辱)等

主要出题点如下:

1. 文章开头。例如,长对话2,Question 5:What do both speakers think of dreams?(两个说话者都是怎么认为梦境的呢?)的答案来自文章开头句:M: Do you think dreams have special meanings? W: No. I don't think they do. M: I don't either, … (男:你认为梦境有特别的意义吗?女:不,我不那么认为。男:我也不……)再如,短文2,Question 12:Why did James Copeland want to study the American Indian tribe – Tarahumaras?(为什么James Copeland想要研究美国印第安部落Tarahumaras?)答案来自文章开头句:The idea to study the American Indian tribe – Tarahumaras, came to James Copeland in 1984 when he discovered that very little research had been done on their language.(1984年,当James Copeland发现关于美国印第安部落Tarahumaras的语言的研究十分稀少时,他产生了研究这个部落的想法。)

 

2. 提示词。例如,演讲2,Question 20:What does the speaker say Fred should do first to improve his quality of life?(演讲者说,Fred应该先做什么来提升他的生活质量?)的答案句——the first thing he'll need to do is recognize what has been going on all these years.(他需要做的第一件事请是意识到他这些年都发生了什么事。)中包含明显的强调词the first;又如,演讲3,Question 22:What does the speaker say about the American dollar bill? (关于美元纸币,作者说了什么?)答案所在句——… but few people indeed can accurately describe the world's most powerful, important currency.(但是很少有人真正能够精确地描述这个世界上最强有力、最重要的货币。)之前出现了明显转折提示词but;再如,演讲3,Question 24:Why did the new American government mint only coins for common currency?(为什么美国新政府只铸造硬币来当做通货呢?)的答案句——Because of this lack of faith, the new American government minted only coins for common currency.(因为缺少信誉,新的美国政府只铸造硬币作为通货。)其中既有明显的原因提示词because of,也有only这样的强调词。

 

主要考点如下:

1. 细节定位。例如,长对话2后Question 8:What did psychologist Sigmund Freud say about adults' dreams?(心里学家弗洛伊德关于成年人的梦境是怎么说?),又如,短文1后的Question 9:What did the scientists first use to discover Lake Vostok in the 1970s?(科学家最先用什么在二十世纪七十年代发现了沃斯托克湖?))

2. 原因考察。比如,长对话2,Question 6:Why didn't the woman's grandmother take her scheduled flight?(这个女人的祖母为什么不乘坐预定的航班呢?),又如短文3,Question 12:Why did James Copeland want to study the American Indian tribe – Tarahumaras?(James Copeland为什么想要研究美国印第安部落Tarahumaras?)
3. 信息推测。例如,演讲2后Question 21:What does the speaker say about the psychiatrists?(关于精神病学家,演讲者说了什么?)这道题的答案需要结合最后一段的前两句话推测出来。第一句话——It’s no surprise that doctors as a profession suffer a lot of ill health, because they spend their life around sick people.(职业医生本身也会有很多健康问题,这并不令人吃惊,因为他们毕生都在于病人相处。)第二句——Psychiatrists have a higher incidence of suicide in their profession for related reasons.(精神病学家自杀发病率较其他人高,也是出于相关的原因。)根据这两句句意,可以知道,精神病学家自杀率较高,也是像前面提到的职业医生一样,受到病人的影响。


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