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历年(最近15年200余套)高考英语语法题详解(2010湖南卷)

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历年(最近15200余套)高考英语语法题详解(2010湖南卷)

 

21. Listen! Do you hear someone ________ for help? (2010湖南卷)

A. calling              B. call                    C. to call                D. called

【答案】A。

【考点】考查非谓语动词的用法。

【解析】考查hear sb doing sth(听见某人在做某事)句式。注意,不能选B,因为hear sb do sth(听见某人做了某事)与句首的listen(该词表明动作正在进行)相悖。又如:I can hear someone knocking. 我好像听见有人在敲门。We heard them talking and laughing in the room. 我们听见他们在屋里说笑。

22. Father ________ goes to the gym with us although he dislikes going there. (2010湖南卷)

A. hardly               B. seldom              C. sometimes       D. never

【答案】C。

【考点】考查在特定语境中频度副词的用法。

【解析】对于考查特定语境中词语用法的考题,最好的方法是代入翻译法,即将四个选项分别代入句中再翻译原句,哪个选项使原句最通顺,哪个选项就是最佳答案。比较四个选项,只有sometimes填入句中意思最通顺。句意为:虽然父亲不喜欢去体育馆,但他有时还是我们一起去。又如:When he had no money, the farmer sometimes used to pay me in kind. 那个农民没有现款时,有时候给我些东西抵账。

23. You ________ buy a gift, but you can if you want to. (2010湖南卷)

A. must                 B. mustn’t             C. have to             D. don’t have to

【答案】D。

【考点】考查情态动词的用法。

【解析】根据句中的but you can if you want to(但是如果你想买的话也可以买)可知,“买礼物”不是“必须的”,故选don’t have to(不必)。又如:I don’t have to go to the office on Sundays. 星期日我不必去办公室上班。

24. This coastal area ________ a national wildlife reserve last year. (2010湖南卷)

A. was named     B. named              C. is named          D. names

【答案】A。

【考点】考查动词的时态与语态。

【解析】由于this coastal area与name之间为被动关系,故可将答案锁定在A和C之间,再根据句中的last year可知,应选A。又如:She was named after her mother. 她是以她母亲的名字命名的。

25. John’s success has nothing to do with good luck. It is years of hard work ________ has made him what he is today. (2010湖南卷)

A. why                  B. when                C. which                D. that

【答案】D。

【考点】考查强调句型。

【解析】考查强调句型it is…that…的用法。句意为:约翰的成功与好的运气没有关系,是多年的努力工作才使他变成今天这个样子(成就了今天的事业)。注:判断一个句子是否是强调句型,可考虑将结构词it is…that…去掉,若句子仍完整、通顺,则为强调句,否则便不是。又如:It was not greed but ambition that drove him to crime. 驱使他犯罪的并非贪婪而是野心。

26. Dina, ________ for months to find a job as a waitress, finally took a position at a local advertising agency. (2010湖南卷)

A. struggling        B. struggled          C. having struggled       D. to struggle

【答案】C。

【考点】考查非谓语动词的用法。

【解析】根据句意可知,struggle for months to find a job…在take a position at…之前,故要用现在分词的完成式,即选C。又如:Having compared the new dictionary with [to, and] the old one, he found the new one more helpful. 将新旧词典比较之后,他发现新词典更有用。

 27. I was just going to cut my rose bushes but someone ________ it. Was it you? (2010湖南卷)

A. has done         B. had done         C. would do          D. will do

【答案】B。

【考点】考查动词时态的用法。

【解析】根据句意可知,“有人给玫瑰剪枝”发生在“我去给玫瑰剪枝”之前,而“我去给玫瑰剪枝”用的是I was just going to cut my rose…这样的过去时态,故“有人给玫瑰剪枝”发生在这一过去时间之前,也就是“过去的过去”,故用过去完成时。

28. I’ve become good friends with several of the students in my school ________ I met in the English speech contest last year. (2010湖南卷)

A. who                  B. where               C. when                D. which

【答案】A(http://www.hxen.com/)。

【考点】考查定语从句的用法。

【解析】who在此引导定语从句,用以修饰先行词students。由于先行词指人,故要用关系代词who,不用which。句意为:我与几位去年在英语演讲比赛中结识的本校同学成了好朋友。

 


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