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历年(最近15年200余套)高考英语语法题详解(2010福建卷)

Source: 恒星英语学习网    2020-04-10  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  


历年(最近15200余套)高考英语语法题详解(2010福建卷)

 

21. It’s ________ good feeling for people to admire the Shanghai World Expo that gives them ________ pleasure. (2010福建卷)

A. 不填, a             B. a, 不填             C. the, a                 D. nothing

【答案】B。

【考点】考查冠词的用法。

【解析】第一空填不定冠词,a good feeling 意为“一种不错的感觉”;“第二空不用冠中,因为此处的pleasure表示抽象意义的“快乐”,为不可数名词,但是如果它表示具体意义的“快乐的事”,则为可数名词。又如:Working is a pleasure to me. 工作对我来说是件乐事。

22. When you introduce me to Mr Johnson, could you please say ________ for me? (2010福建卷)

A. everything       B. anything           C. something        D. nothing

【答案】C。

【考点】考查不定代词的用法。

【解析】虽然句子为疑问句,但由于是表示客气的请求,其肯定意味较浓,故要用something,不用anything;至于everything和nothing与句意不符,不能选。句意为:当你把我介绍给史密斯先生的时候,请帮我美言几句好吗?又如:“Would you like some coffee?” “Now that’s more like it. Sure why not?” “要不要咖啡?”“这还差不多,当然要喝啊。”

23. —Volunteering is becoming ________ popular in China.

—Yeah, people are now aware that helping others is helping themselves. (2010福建卷)

A. naturally          B. successfully    C. splendidly        D. increasingly

【答案】D。

【考点】考查特定语境中副词的用法。

【解析】根据句中的people are now aware that helping others is helping themselves(现在人们意识到帮助别人就是帮助自己)可知,在中国volunteering(自愿劳动,自愿服务,义工)“日益”(increasingly)受到欢迎。又如:Women are increasingly entering into all phases of industrial and commercial activities. 越来越多妇女正进入工业和商业活动的各个方面。

24. Stephen Hawking believes that the earth is unlikely to be the only planet ________ life has developed gradually. (2010福建卷)

A. that                   B. where               C. which                D. whose

【答案】D。

【考点】考查定语从句的用法。

【解析】whose在此用于引导定语从句,修饰名词the only planet,同时whose在定语从句中用作定语,修饰life。句意为:斯蒂芬·霍金相信地球不可能是唯一其上进化有生命的星球。

25. Lots of rescue workers were working around the clock, ________ supplies to Yushu, Qinghai province after the earthquake. (2010福建卷)

A. sending           B. to send             C. having sent     D. to have sent

【答案】A。

【考点】考查非谓语动词的用法。

【解析】现在分词短语sending supplies to…在句中用作状语,表示伴随。句意为:许多救援人员昼夜不停地工作,向地震后的青海玉树运送物质。

26. The girl had hardly rung the bell ________ the door was opened suddenly, and her friend rushed out to greet her. (2010福建卷)

A. before              B. until                   C. as                      D. since

【答案】A。

【考点】考查状语从句的用法。

【解析】此题主要涉及hardly…when…句式,其意为“刚……就”,其中的when引导状语从句。句意为:这个女孩刚按门铃,门就突然开了,她的朋友冲出来迎接她。又如:We had hardly arrived before we had to go back. 我们刚到就得回去。

27. More and more high-rise buildings have been built in big cities ________ space. (2010福建卷)

A. in search of     B. in place of        C. for lack of         D. for fear of

【答案】C。

【考点】考查短语介词的用法。

【解析】做这类考题的最好方法是代入翻译法,即将四个选项分别代入句中再翻译原句,哪个选项使原句最通顺,哪个选项就是最佳答案。四个选项的意思分别为:in search of表示“寻找”“搜找”,in place of表示“代替”, for lack of表示“因为缺乏”,for fear of表示“以免”“生怕”。显然,只有C最符合句子语境。句意为:由于缺乏空间,大城市建起了越来越多的高楼。又如:The project had to be abandoned for lack of funds. 工程因资金匮乏只得放弃。

28. Every year a flood of farmers arrive in Shenzhen for the money-making jobs they ________ before leaving their hometowns. (2010福建卷)

A. promised         B. were promised   C. have promised    D. have been promised

【答案】D(http://www.hxen.com/)。

【考点】考查动词的时态与语态。

【解析】根据句中的arrive可知,空格处不宜填过去时态,故可先排除A和B。又因为jobs与promise之间为被动关系,故要用被动语态,故选D。句中的they have been promised before leaving their hometown为修饰名词jobs的定语从句,其意为“在他们离开家乡之前被许诺的”。全句意为:每年大批的农民工来到深圳,他们在离开家乡之前就有人许诺他们可以找到赚钱的工作。

 


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