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2002年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案

Source: 恒星英语学习网  Onion  2008-01-03  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  

Section II Use of English(满分10分) Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A] [B] [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)
Comparisons were drawn between the development of television in the 20th century and the diffusion of printing in the 15th and 16th centuries. Yet much had happened (21)[]. As was discussed before, it was not (22)[] the 19th century that the newspaper became the dominant preelectronic (23)[], following in the wake of the pamphlet and the book and in the (24)[] of the periodical. It was during the same time that the communications revolution (25)[] up,beginning with transport, the railway, and leading (26)[] through the telegraph, the telephone, radio, and motion pictures (27)[] the 20thcentury world of the motor car and the airplane. Not everyone sees the process in (28)[]. It is important to do so. It is generally recognized, (29)[], that the introduction of the computer in the early 20th century, (30)[] by the invention of the integrated circuit during the 1960s, radically changed the process, (31)[] its impact on the media was not immediately (32)[]. As time went by, computers became smaller and more powerful,and they became “personal” too. as well as (33)[], with display becoming sharper and storage (34)[] increasing. They were thought of, like people, (35)[] generations, with the distance between generations much (36)[]. It was within the computer age that the term “information society” began to be widely used to describe the (37)[] within which we now live. The communications revolution has (38)[] both work and leisure and how we think and feel both about place and time, but there have been (39)[] views about its economic ,political, social and cultural implications. “Benefits” have been weighed (40)[] “harmful” outcomes. And generalizations have proved difficult.


21、
 [A]between
 [B]before
 [C]since
 [D]later


22、
 [A]after
 [B]by
 [C]during
 [D]until


23、
 [A]means
 [B]method
 [C]medium
 [D]measure


24、
 [A]process
 [B]company
 [C]light
 [D]form


25、
 [A]gathered
 [B]speeded
 [C]worked
 [D]picked


26、
 [A]on
 [B]out
 [C]over
 [D]off


27、
 [A]of
 [B]for
 [C]beyond
 [D]into


28、
 [A]concept
 [B]dimension
 [C]effect
 [D]perspective


29、
 [A]indeed
 [B]hence
 [C]however
 [D]therefore


30、
 [A]brought
 [B]followed
 [C]stimulated
 [D]characterized


31、
 [A]unless
 [B]since
 [C]lest
 [D]although


32、
 [A]apparent
 [B]desirable
 [C]negative
 [D]plausible


33、
 [A]institutional
 [B]universal
 [C]fundamental
 [D]instrumental


34、
 [A]ability
 [B]capability
 [C]capacity
 [D]faculty


35
 [A]by means of
 [B]in terms of
 [C]with regard to
 [D]in line with


36、
 [A]deeper
 [B]fewer
 [C]nearer
 [D]smaller


37、
 [A]context
 [B]range
 [C]scope
 [D]territory


38、
 [A]regarded
 [B]impressed
 [C]influenced
 [D]effected


39、
 [A]competitive
 [B]controversial
 [C]distracting
 [D]irrational


40、
 [A]above
 [B]upon
 [C]against
 [D]with


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