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热门单词:“新型政党制度”用英文怎么说?

Source: 恒星英语学习网    2018-03-06  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  

3月4日下午,中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席习近平看望参加全国政协十三届一次会议的民盟、致公党、无党派人士、侨联界委员,并参加联组会,听取意见和建议。

President Xi Jinping Sunday called the system of multiparty cooperation and political consultation led by the Communist Party of China (CPC) "a great contribution to political civilization of humanity."
习近平指出,中国共产党领导的多党合作和政治协商制度是“对人类政治文明的重大贡献”。

习近平指出,中国共产党领导的多党合作和政治协商制度作为我国一项基本政治制度,是中国共产党、中国人民和各民主党派、无党派人士的伟大政治创造,是从中国土壤中生长出来的新型政党制度(a new type of party system growing from China's soil)。

新型政党制度新在哪儿?

新就新在:

它是马克思主义政党理论同中国实际相结合的产物,能够真实、广泛、持久代表和实现最广大人民根本利益、全国各族各界根本利益,有效避免了旧式政党制度代表少数人、少数利益集团的弊端;
It combines Marxist political party theories with China's reality, truly, extensively and in the long term represents fundamental interests of all people and all ethnic groups and fulfills their aspiration, avoiding the defects of the old-fashioned party system which represents only a selective few or the vested interest;

它把各个政党和无党派人士紧密团结起来、为着共同目标而奋斗,有效避免了一党缺乏监督或者多党轮流坐庄、恶性竞争的弊端;
It unites all political parties and people without party affiliation toward a common goal, effectively preventing the flaws of the absence of oversight in one-party rule or power rotation and nasty competition among multiple political parties;

它通过制度化、程序化、规范化的安排集中各种意见和建议、推动决策科学化民主化,有效避免了旧式政党制度囿于党派利益、阶级利益、区域和集团利益决策施政导致社会撕裂的弊端。
It pools ideas and suggestions through institutional, procedural, and standardized arrangements and develops a scientific and democratic decision making mechanism. It steers away from another weakness of the old-fashioned party system, in which decision making and governance, confined by interests of different political parties, classes, regions and groups, tears the society apart.

它不仅符合当代中国实际,而且符合中华民族一贯倡导的天下为公、兼容并蓄、求同存异等优秀传统文化,是对人类政治文明的重大贡献。

【小百科】

中国人民政治协商会议(简称“人民政协”),是中国人民爱国统一战线的组织,是中国共产党领导的多党合作和政治协商的重要机构。人民政协由中国共产党、各民主党派、无党派民主人士、人民团体、各民族和各界的代表,台湾同胞、港澳同胞和归国侨胞的代表以及特别邀请的人士组成。
The CPPCC is a patriotic united front organization of the Chinese people, serving as a key mechanism for multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC), and a major manifestation of socialist democracy. At present, the CPPCC consists of representatives of the CPC and non-Communist parties, personages without party affiliation, and representatives of people's organizations, ethnic minorities and various social strata. It also has the representation of compatriots of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macao Special Administrative Region and Taiwan, returned overseas Chinese, and specially invited people.

人民政协的主要职能是政治协商和民主监督,组织参加政协的各党派、团体和各族各界人士参政议政。政治协商是对国家和地方的大政方针以及政治、经济、文化和社会生活中的重要问题在决策之前进行协商和就决策执行过程中的重要问题进行协商。
The main functions of the CPPCC are to conduct political consultation, exercise democratic supervision and participate in the discussion and the handling of state affairs. Political consultation covers major principles and policies proposed by the central and local governments and matters of importance concerning political, economic, cultural and social affairs.

我国的八个民主党派分别为:

中国国民党革命委员会
Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang

中国民主同盟
China Democratic League

中国民主建国会
China Democratic National Construction Association

中国民主促进会
China Association for Promoting Democracy

中国农工民主党
Chinese Peasants and Workers Democratic Party

中国致公党
China Zhi Gong Party

九三学社
The Jiu San Society

台湾民主自治同盟
Taiwan Democratic Self-Government League


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