Source: [db:来源]  [db:作者]  2022-07-19  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  
初三年级(上)【知识梳理】 I. 重点短语1. at the moment 2. used1 to 3. for a while 4. walk away with sth. 5. leave for some place 6. sooner or later 7. pay for 8. come up with an idea 9. think of 10. have a try 11. all over the world 12. be famous for 13. large numbers of 14. all the year round 15. no matter what 16. give up17. for example 18. by the way19. on business 20. so far21. come true 22. set off23. slow down 24. go on doing 25. wait for26. be proud of27. be afraid of 28. speak highly2 of29. a year and a half30. half a year 31. pick up 32. as soon as 33. keep… clean34. take care of 35. cut down 36. make a contribution3 to37. base4 on 38. make sure 39. take away 40. begin with41. right now42. as soon as possible43. leave a message 44. all kinds of things 45. walk around 46. fall asleep 47. wake up 48. go on a trip 49. have a good time 50. take photos 51. come out 52. come on 53. have a family meeting54. talk about55. go for a holiday56 go scuba5 diving657. write down 58. by oneself7 59. walk along 60. get a chance to do sth 61. have a wonderful time62. book a room63. have an accident 64. be interested in65. use sth. to do sth.66. make a TV show 67. be amazed8 at68. take part in 69. feed on70. get out ofII. 重要句型1. Why don’t you do sth.? 2. make sb. Happy3. borrow sth. from sb. 4. forget to do sth.5. pay fro sth. 6. return sth. To sb.7. learn sth. from sb. 8. be famous for sth.9. No matter what… 10. be with sb.11. go on doing sth. 12. speak highly of sb.13. keep doing sth. 14. allow sb. To do sth.15. encourage sb. to do sth. 16. It is said that… III. 交际用语1. --- Excuse me, have you got …?--- Yes, I have. (Sorry, I haven’t.)2. --- Why don’t you …?--- Thanks, I will.3. --- Thanks a lot. (Thank you very much.)--- You are welcome.4. --- Have you ever done…?--- Yes, I have, once. (No, never.)5. --- I’ve just done…--- Really?6. ---What’s …like ?7. --- How long have you been…?--- Since…8. --- Have you ever been to…?--- I’ve never been there. (None of us has./ Only …has. ) 9. --- Would you like to have a try?--- I don’t think I can…10. --- What have you done since…?11. --- How long have you been at this …?--- For…12. --- How long has she/ he worked there…?--- She’s / He’s worked there for… / all her / his life.13. --- I’m sorry he isn’t here right now.14. --- May I help you?15. --- That’s very kind of you.16. ---Could we go scuba diving?17. --- Could you tell us how long we’re going to be away?18. --- Let’s try to find some information about it, OK?19. --- Could you please tell me how to search the Internet?20. --- Go straight along here.21. ---Please go to Gate 12.22. --- Please come this way.23. --- Could you tell me what you think about Hainan Island?24. --- That sounds really cool!IV. 重要语法1. 宾语从句 2. 现在完成时3. 一般过去时与现在完成时的用法比较:【名师讲解】1. Maybe/ may be (1) maybe是副词,意思是“大概,也许”,常用作状语。 Maybe you put it in your bag.也许你把它放在包里了。“Will he come tomorrow?”“Maybe not.” “他明天来吗?”“也许不”。(2) may be相当于是情态动词may与be动词搭配一起作谓语,意思是“也许是…,可能是…”。 It may be 9:00 when they arrive.他们可能于九点到达。The man may be a lawyer. 那人也许是律师。2. borrow/ lend/ keep/ use (1) borrow表示的是从别人那里借来东西,即我们通常所说的“借进来”。We often borrow books from our school library.我们经常从学校图书馆借书。I borrowed this dictionary from my teacher. 我从老师那儿借来了这本字典。borrow是一个瞬间完成的动作,因此不能与时间段连用。You can borrow my recorder for three days. ( 错误 )I have borrowed this book for only one week. ( 错误 ) (2) lend表示的是把自己的东西借给别人,即我们通常所说的“借出去”。Thank you for lending me your bike.谢谢你把自行车借给我。He often lends money to his brother.他经常借钱给他弟弟。lend与borrow一样,也是一个瞬间完成的 动作,不能与一段时间连用。 (3) keep的意思也是“借”,但一般是指借来后的保存或使用阶段,是一段持续的时间,因此可以与时间段连用。You can keep my recorder for three days.我的录音机你可以借用三天。I have kept this book for only one week.这本书我才刚借了一星期。(4) use也可以当“借用”讲,但它的本意是“用,使用”。May I use your ruler? 我能借你的尺子用一下吗?He had to use this public telephone.他不得不使用这部公用电话。3. leave/ leave for(1) leave意思是“离开,留下”。 We left Shanghai two years ago.我们两年前离开了上海。 He left his cell9 phone in the taxi last week.他上周把手机落在出租车里了。(2) leave for意思是“前往”,表示要去的目的地。We will leave for Tibet10 next month.我们将于下月去西藏。The train is leaving for Moscow.这趟火车即将开往莫斯科。4. since/ for (1) since用于完成时态,既能用作介词,也能用作连词,后常接时间点,意思是“自从”。 He has been a worker since he came into this city.自从他来到这个城市,他就是工人了。 I have never seen him since we last met in Shanghai .自从我们上次在上海见过之后,我再也没见过他。since作连词,还有“既然”的意思。 Since you are interested in it, just do it. 既然你对它感兴趣,那就做吧。 You can have fun now since you’ve finished your work.既然你已经做完了功课,就开心玩会儿吧。 (2) for用于完成时,用作介词,后常接一段时间,意思是“经过…”。 I have learned11 English for five years.我已经学了五年英语了。They have waited for you for 30 minutes.他们已经等了你三十分钟了。for也可以用作连词,但意思是“因为”。 They missed the flight for they were late.他们由于完到了而误了航班。He fell ill for many reasons.他由于多种原因病倒了。5. neither/ either/ both (1) neither作代词是对两者都进行否定,意思为“两者都不”,作主语时谓语动词用单数.Neither of the boys is from England.这两个男孩都不是来自英国。I know neither of them. 他们两个我都不认识。 neither用作形容词,也修饰单数名词,意思与作代词时相同;用作连词时,一般与nor搭配,表示 “既不…也不”。作主语时,谓语动词也遵循就近原则。 She neither ate nor drank yesterday. 她昨天既不吃也不喝。Neither he nor we play football on Sundays. 他和我们星期天都不踢球。(2) either作代词时,是指两者中的任意一方,(两者之)每一个,故作主语时谓语动词用单数. Either of the books is new.这两本书任何一本都是新的.She doesn’t like either of the films.这两部电影她都不喜欢.either作形容词, 用来修饰单数名词,意思与作介词时相同. Either school is near my home. (这两所学校中的)任何一所学校都离我家很近.Either question is difficult.两个问题(中的任何一个)都难.either作连词时,一般与or搭配,表示两者选其一,意思是“不是…就是”。作主语时,谓语动词遵循就近原则。 Either he or I am right.不是他就是我是对的。Either my sister or my parents are coming to see me.不是我姐姐就是我父母要来 看我。(3) both作代词时,指的是所涉及到的“两者都”, 故作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式。 I like both of the stories.这两个故事我都喜欢。Both of my parents are teachers.我父母两人都是老师。both作形容词时,用来修饰两者,意思与作代词时相同.Both his arms are hurt.他的两只胳膊都受伤了。Both these students are good at English. 这两个学生都擅长英语。both用作连词时,多与and搭配,表示“既…又, 不仅…而且”, 作主语时,谓语动词仍用复数形式。 Both piano and violin are my bobbies.钢琴和小提琴都是我的爱好。They study both history and physics. 他们既学历史,又学物理。 6. find/look for/ find out (1) find强调找的结果,意思是“找到”。此外还有“发现,发觉”的意思,后可接宾语从句。 Jim couldn’t find his hat.吉姆找不着帽子了。Have you found your lost keys? 你找到丢失的钥匙了吗?He found the lights were on along the street.他发现沿街的灯都亮了(2) look for的意思为“寻找”,指的是找的动作而非结果。另外,还有“盼望,期待”的意思。 She is looking for her son.她正在找她的儿子。We’ve been looking for the car since early this morning.我们从今天一大早就开始找这辆车了。I look for the coming holiday.我期待着即将来临的假期。(3) find out含有经过观察、研究或探索而得知的意思,后常接较抽象的事物,意思是“找出,发现,查明(真相)”等。 I can find out who took my money away.我能查出谁拿了我的钱。Could you find out when the plane arrives? 你能设法知道飞机何时到吗? 7. forget to do/ forget doing (1) forget to do是指忘记去做某件事了,即该事还没有做。 Please don’t forget to call this afternoon.今天下午不要忘了给我打电话。I forgot to take some small change with me.我身上忘了带零钱了。(2) forget doing是指忘记某件已经做过的事情,即该事已经做了,但被忘记了。 He forgot telling me his address.他忘了告诉过我地址了。They forgot having been here before.他们忘了以前曾来过这儿。8. stop doing/ stop to do (1) stop doing是指停止做某事,即doing这个动作不再继续。They stopped debating12.他们停止了辩论。(不辩论了) He had to stop driving as the traffic lights changed in to red. 由于交通灯变成了红色,他不得不停车。 (2) stop to do是指停下来开始做另一件事,即停止原先的事,开始做do这个动作。 She stopped to have a rest.她停下来休息会儿。(开始休息)They stopped to talk.他们停下来开始交谈。9. except/ besides (1) except是指不包括后面所提人或物在内的“除了”,可以理解为“撇开…不谈”,表示两部分的不同。 Everyone is excited except me.除我以外的每个人都很激动。(他们激动,而我却不激动)All the visitors are Japanese except him.除他以外的所有游客都是日本人。(其他人是日本人,可他不是)(2)besides是包括后面所提人或物在内的“除了”,可以理解为“除之外…还、除之外…又”,表示两部分的相似性。 Twenty-five students went to the cinema besides him.除他以外,还有25个学生去看了电影。(他和另外25人都去了)We like biology besides English.除了英语外,我们还喜欢生物。(生物和英语都喜欢)besides还可用作副词,意思是“此外;而且”,常用于句首或句尾。He is a great thinker13, and besides, he is a politician14.他是一名伟大的思想家,除此以外,他还是一位政治家。 They encouraged me, and they supported me with money, besides. 他们不仅鼓励我,而且与我以金钱上的支持。 10. keep doing/ keep on doing (1) keep doing指的是连续地、坚持不断地做某事,中间不间断。 It kept blowing for a whole day.刮了一整天风了。The temperature keeps dropping.温度持续下降。(2) keep on doing是指反复坚持做某事,但动作之间略有间隔。They have kept on writing to each other for many years.他们已经互相通信多年了。After drinking some water, he kept on talking.喝了一些水后,他坚持讲话。11. seem/ look  (1) seem一般着重于以客观迹象为依据,意思是“似乎、好象、看起来…”。 The baby seems to be happy.婴儿看上去似乎很高兴。He seemed to be sorry for that.他似乎为那件事感到抱歉。seem能与to do结构连用,而look不能。 It seems to rain. 似乎要下雨了。They seemed to have finished their work.他们似乎已经完成了工作。在it作形式主语的句型中只能用seem。 It seems that he is quite busy now.他现在看起来很忙。It seems to us that there is nothing serious.在我看来没什么大不了的。 (2) look用作“看起来;好像”时,常从物体的外观或样貌上来判断,是以视觉所接受的印象为依据的。 The room looks clean.这间房看起来很干净。The girl looks like her mother.那女孩看起来向她的妈妈。12. such/ so (1)such常用作形容词,用来修饰名词。 Don’t be such a fool.别这么傻。 He is such a clever boy.他是如此聪明的一个男孩。 (2) so是副词,用来修饰形容词或副词。 He is so kind! 他真好心!Why did you come so late? 你为何回来得如此晚?当名词前有many, much, few, little等表示多、少时,应该用so。 He has so many friends.他有如此多的朋友。 Only so little time is left! 才剩这么一点儿时间!13. either/ too/ also (1)either用作“也”时是副词,常用于否定句句尾。She is not a Japanese, I’m not, either.她不是日本人,我也不是。My sister doesn’t like this song, either.我妹妹也不喜欢这首歌。(2)too常用于肯定句或疑问句尾,表示“也”。He likes China, too.他也喜欢中国。Are you in Grade 3, too? 你也在三年级吗?(3)also也常用于肯定句或疑问句,但一般位于句中。We are also students.我们也是学生。He also went there on foot.他也是走着去的。Did you also want to have a look? 你也想看看吗? 14. if/ whether 在下列情况下只能用whether而非if: (1)与or not连用时,只能用whether.We want to know whether you are ill or not. 我们想知道你是否生病了。Please tell me whether or not you have finished your work.请告诉我们你是否完成了工作。(2)后接动词不定式时,只能用whether.Adam didn’t know whether to go or stay.亚当不知道是走还是留。He hasn’t decided15 whether to have dinner with me.他还没决定是否和我共进晚 餐。(3)所引导的宾语从句放在主句之前时,只能用whether.Whether it will rain or snow, we don’t mind. 我们不在乎将要刮风还是下雨。Whether I won or lost, she didn’t want to know.我是赢是输她不想知道。(4)引导主语从句或表语从句时,一般用whether.The most important was whether they had gone.最重要的是他们是不是已经 走了。Whether he will go with me is a secret.他是否会和我一起去还是个秘密。if能引导条件状语从句,表示“如果,假如”,而whether没有此用法。We’ll have a football match if it doesn’t rain tomorrow.如果明天不下雨,我们 要进行足球赛。I’ll tell him if I sees him.我看见他就告诉他。If you’re in danger, please call 110.如果你遇到危险,请拨打110。15. cost/ spend/ pay/ take (1) cost一般用某物来做主语,表示“(某物)值…、花费…”,既能指花费时间也能指金钱。The new bike costs me 300 yuan.这辆新自行车花了我三百元。It will cost you a whole to read through this book.通读这本书将会花费你整整一周时间。cost 还可以用作名词,表示“成本、费用、价格、代价”等。What’s the cost of this TV set? 这台电视机的成本是多少钱?They succeeded at the cost of hard work.他们辛苦地工作换来的成功。(2) spend一般用某人来作主语,表示“(某人)花费…,付出…”,也能指时间或金钱,指时间时常与 in搭配,指金钱时常与on或for搭配。 We spent two days in repairing this machine.我们花了两天时间修理这台机器。 Mr. Lee spends $20 on books every month.李先生每月花二十美元在书上。(3) pay用作动词时,一般也以某人作主语,但一般指花钱、付款等,很少用来指花费时间。常与for搭配使用。They paid 70 yuan for the tickets.他们花了七十元买票。He was too poor to pay for his schooling16.他穷得交不起学费。pay还可以用作名词,意思为“薪水、工资”等。It’s hard for me to live with such low pay.我很难靠这么低的薪水生活下去。(4)take也指“花费(时间、金钱)”,但通常用某事、某物做主语,或用形式主语it.How long will the meeting take? 会议要开多久?It took me several hours to get there. 我花了几个小时才到那儿。16. bad/ badly 这两个词的意思含有“坏、糟、严重”等意思,且它们有共同的比较级worse和最高级worst 。 (1) bad是一个形容词,意思是“坏的,糟糕的,差的,严重的”。 I don’t think he is a bad person.我并不认为他是一个坏人。I had a bad headache.我的头疼得很厉害。(2)badly是一个副词,意思是“不好地,差”,也可以表示程度,意为“严重地,非常,极度”。 We need help badly.我们急需帮助。His arm was badly hurt.他的胳膊严重受伤了。17. interested/ interesting (1) interested是指“对…产生兴趣的,对…感兴趣的”,一般用人做主语,后常用介词in. He was interested in biology before.他以前对生物感兴趣。 I’m not interested in art.我对艺术不感兴趣。(2)interesting的意思是“有趣的”,指能够给人带来兴趣的某人或某事物。 He is an interesting old man.他是个有趣的老头。The interesting story attracted me. 这个有趣的故事吸引了我。18. dead/ die/ death/ dying17 (1) dead是形容词,意思为“死了的、无生命的”,表示状态,可以与一段时间连用。 The tree has been dead for ten years.这棵树死了有十年了。The rabbits are all dead. 这些兔子都是死的。(2) die是动词,意思为“死、死亡”,是一个瞬间动词,不能与一段时间连用。 My grandpa died two years ago.我爷爷两年前去世了。The old man died of cancer.老人死于癌症。(3) death是名词,意思为“死亡、去世”等。 The memorial18 hall was built one year after his death.他死后一年,纪念馆建成了。 His death is a great loss19 to us.他的死是我们的巨大损失。 (4) dying 是die的现在分词,用作形容词,意思是“垂死的、即将死去的”。 The doctors have saved the dying man.医生们救活了那个垂死的人。The poor dog had no food, it was dying.可怜的狗没有食物,快要饿死了。【考点扫描】中考考点在本单元主要集中在:1. 宾语从句的时态和语序;2. 一般过去时和过去完成时的用法区别;3. 本单元学过的词汇、短语和句型;4. 本单元学习的日常交际用语。考试形式可以是单项填空、完型填空、短文填空和完成句子。【中考范例】1. (2004年北京市海淀区中考试题)---Do you know ________________?---Only ten months old.A. when does Tiger Woods start golfing20B. when did Tiger Woods start golfingC. when Tiger Woods starts golfingD. when Tiger Woods started golfing【解析】答案:D。该题考查的是宾语从句的时态和语序。这个宾语从句的时态应用一般过去时,应为这里说的是过去的事情。语序应用陈述句的语序,所以正确答案是: when Tiger Woods started golfing。2. (2004年北京市海淀区中考试题)I’m interested in animals, so I _____________ every Saturday working in an animal hospital.A. pay B. get C. take D. spend【解析】答案:D。该题考查的是pay, get, take和spend这四个动词的用法区别。只有动词spend可以用在sb. spends time doing sth. 这个句型里,所以正确答案影视spend。3. (2004年天津市中考试题) Could I ________ your telephone? I have something important to tell my parents. A. keep B. borrow C. use D. lend【解析】答案:C。该题考查的是keep, borrow, use和lend四个动词的用法区别。keep的真正含义是“保留”,borrow的含义是“借入”,lend的含义是“借出”,只有use的含义是“使用”。在这个句子里实际上是“使用”的意思,所以应选use。4. (2004年鄂州市中考试题) ---Hi, Ann. Where’s your brother? I need his help. ---He left home two weeks ago and ________away ever since. A. is B. was C. has been D. had been【解析】答案:C。该题考查的是动词时态的用法区别。一般现在时表示经常发生的动作或现在所处的状态;一般过去时表示过去的动作或过去所处的状态;过去完成时表示过去的动作或过去的时间以前发生的事情;现在完成时表示动作或状态从过去某一时间开始一直延续到现在或刚刚结束。这里只能用现在完成时。【满分演练】一. 单项填空1. Mr Green asked the children to _____the words in the dictionary.A. look at B. look up C. look for D. look after2. May I _____ your bike? Certainly, but you can't _____it to other.A. lend, lend B. borrow, lend C. borrow, borrow D. lend, borrow3. Mr Brown _____in China since 20 years ago.A. worked B. works21 C. is working D. has worked4. There______ be many trees here two years ago.A. is B. are C. use to D. used to5. Neither my brother nor I ____a doctor. A.is B.am C.are D.be6. ____of my parents ____ watching TY. A.Both, likes B.Either, like C.Neither, like D.Neither, likes7. I really don't know ____ next. Can you tell me ? A.how to do B.what to do C.how will I do it D.what to do it 8. He has lived here ___ 1965. A. since B. for C. in D. from9. If you are tired, please stop ___ a rest.A. having B. have C. to have D. has10.She has never come to the farm before, _____ she?A. has B. hasn't C. does D. doesn't11. It is ____book that I have ____ it twice.A.such an interesting…seen B.so an interesting…read C.so interesting…looked D.such an interesting…read12. The doctor was busy ____ on the boy at that time.A.operate B.to operate C.operated D.operating13. The policeman told the children _____play in the street.A. didn't B. to not C. not to D. don't14. Mother returned home _____earlier than Father that evening.A. very B. too C. more D. much15. I won't go to see the film tonight, because I ______ my ticket.A. lost B. have lost C. will lose D. didn't lose二. 完形填空Children like to copy(模仿) what they hear. They copy their parents,their friends and even the TV. This teaches them how to speak the language. Copying also does good to students of a second ____1______. When you listen to foreigners speak English,_____2_____ what they say as loudly as you can.? Children don’t practise grammar, but use the language to ____3_____ that interests them. They don’t ____4_____ their vocabulary22 or poor grammar. They find ways to ____5_____ themselves,and they do it successfully23.? Students of English should also pay their attention to ______6______. Look for chances to talk with people in English. If you can’t find a ____7____ to talk to, talk with other students of English instead. _____8_____ an English discussion25 and talk about music, movies or whatever _____9_____?you. Don’t worry about _____10___. The objective(目标) is to earn how to communicate(交流) easily and comfortably. Remember that you can communicate successfully even with a small vocabulary.?1. A. year B. grade C. language D. country?2. A. repeat B. hear C. believe D. remember?3. A. write letters B. keep diaries C. talk to people D. talk about things?4. A. look for B. complain about C. laugh at D. go over?5. A. enjoy B. help C. relax D. express?6. A. grammar B. vocabulary C. communication26 D. English?7. A. foreigner B. topic C. chance D. visitor?8. A. Start B. Build C. Use D. Make?9. A. understands B. interests C. improves D. allows?10. A. lessons B. exams C. wasting time D. making mistakes三. 阅读理解(A)We can see walls everywhere in the world. But the Great Wall of China is the biggest of all. The Chinese call it "The Ten-thousand-Li Great Wall". It is in fact more than 6,000 kilometres long. It is 4-5 metres wide. In most places, five horses or ten men can walk side by side.When you visit the Great Wall, you can't help wondering how the Chinese people were able to build such a great wall thousands of years ago. Without any modern machine, it was really very difficult to build it. They had to do all the work by hand. It took millions of men hundreds of years to build it. The Great Wall has a history of over two thousand years. The kings began to build the first parts of it around two thousand seven hundred years ago. Then Qin Shihuang had all the walls joined up. He thought that could keep the enemy out of the country. Today the Great Wall has become a place of interest. Not only Chinese people but also people from all over the world come to visit it.1. The Great Wall is the biggest of all walls in _________. A. China B. Europe C. the world D. Asia (亚洲) 2. How long is the Great Wall? A. It's less than six hundred kilometres. B. It's over six million kilometres. C. It's six thousand kilometres. D. It's more than six thousand kilometres. 3. It took _____ men ______ years to build the Great Wall. A. millions; millions B. hundreds of; hundreds of C. millions of; hundreds of D. hundreds of; millions of 4.The Great Wall was built ______________. A. by people all over the world B. without any modern machines C. with some other countries' help D. by all Chinese kings 5. Qin Shihuang thought the Great Wall could _________. A. keep the enemy out of his country B. keep his body in it C. be visited by all the people D. make his country beautiful (B)In 776 B.C. the first Olympic Games were held at the foot of Mount27 Olympus to honor28 Greeks29' chief30 god31, Zeus(向希腊主要神祗宙斯献礼). The Greeks praised (注重)physical fitness32 and strength33 in their education of youth34. Therefore35, running, boxing36, horse-racing, discus24 throwing and so on were held in each city and the winners competed37 every four years at Mount Olympus. Winners were greatly38 honored39 by having olive40 wreaths41(橄榄枝花环)placed on their heads and having poems sung about their deeds42. Originally(起初)these were held as games of friendship, and any wars43 that were going on were stopped to allow the games . The Greeks regarded these games as so important that they counted time in four-year cycles44 called "Olympiads" dating from 776 B.C.1. Which of the following is NOT true?A. The first Olympic Games were held to celebrate.B. Winners were greatly honored by having olive wreaths placed on their heads.C. Battles45 were stopped to let the games take place.D. Poems were sung in the honor of winners.2 Nearly how many years ago did these games start?A. 776 years. B. 1250 years. C. 2278 years. D. 2760 years. 3. Which of the following matches was not mentioned in the passage ?A. Discus throwing B. Boxing C. Skating D. Running4. What conclusion46 can we reach about the ancient Greeks ?A. They liked to fight. B. They were very good at sports.C. They liked a lot of ceremony47 (仪式). D. They couldn't count, so that they used "Olympiads" for dates. (C)Over thirty thousand years ago people from northern Asia went to America. Today, we call these people Indians. The Indians went to America because the weather began to change. Northern Asia became very cold. Everything froze48. They had to move or die. How did the first Indians go to America? They walked! Later Columbus found the New World in 1492. At first, only a few Europeans followed. They traveled to America in boats. For the next three hundred years, about 500,000 people went there. Then the number grew very quickly. From 1815 to 1915, over thirty-two million Europeans left their countries and went to the United49 States. The biggest groups were from Germany and Italy. These Europeans spoke50 many different languages. Most of them took almost no money. They went to America so that they could find a better life.1. __________ went to America first.A. People from northern AsiaB. People from EuropeC. People from GermanyD. Columbus2. Why did the Indians go to America? Because ________.A. northern Asia became very hotB. northern Asia became very coldC. they were interested in AmericaD. they liked traveling3. The New World was ___________.A. Italy B. northern Asia C. Germany D. America4. The first Europeans went to America _______________.A. by ship B. by bike C. by boat D. by train5. These Europeans ______________.A. didn't speak the same languageB. spoke English onlyC. spoke German onlyD. spoke both English and German6. The Europeans went to America in order to _________.A. find the New WorldB. find a better lifeC. build more boatsD. learn English 四. 补全对话: 给下面对话的空白处填上适当的词,使对话通顺,符合逻辑。( Jim and Han Li are talking about the coming summer holiday.)Ben: Hello, Han li, where are you going for your summer holiday?Han Li: I'm ___1___ sure. I'm thinking51 ___2___ going to Guilin. What about you?Ben: I'm going to Chongqing and Wuhan ___3___ my parents.Han Li: ___4___ are you going there?Ben: First we'll fly to Wuhan, and then go to Chongqing ___5___ ship.Han Li: That's a good idea. I'm sure you'll enjoy it. Wish you a pleasant journey52!Ben: Thank you!五. 完成句子: 根据汉语句子的意思,完成下列英语句子。 1. 你为什么把收音机开这么大声? ______ do you turn your radio so loud _____ ?2. 整个会议将持续3个小时。 The whole meeting will ______ ______ 3 hours.3. 我们都喜欢跟那只小狗玩。 We all like ______ ______ with the dog.4. 很抱歉,我没有带食物。 I'm sorry, I don't ______ any food ______ me.5 .你的新录音机是什么样? What ______ your new recorder ______ ? 6. 谢谢你告诉我这个消息。 Thank you ______ ______ me the news.7. 昨晚他们直到十一点才停止谈话。 They ______ stop talking ______ 11 o'clock last night.8. 这是一封露茜写给小帆的信。 This is a letter ______ Lucy ______ Xiaofan. 初三年级(上)【练习答案】一. 1.B 2.B 3D 4.D 5. B 6.D 7.B 8. A 9. C 10. A 11. D 12.D 13. C 14. D 15. B二. 1.C 2.A 3.D 4.B 5.D 6.C 7.A 8.A 9.B 10.D三. (A) 1. C 2. C 3. C 4. B 5. A (B) 1. A 2. C 3. C 4. B (C) 1. A 2. B 3. D 4. C 5. A 6. B 四. 1. not 2. about 3. with 4. How 5. by五. 1. What, for 2. last for 3. playing with 4. take, with 5. is like 6. for telling 7. didn't, until 8. from, to
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